Home Education News Incorporating Empirical Evidence in Academic Writing: Best Practices and Pitfalls to Avoid

Incorporating Empirical Evidence in Academic Writing: Best Practices and Pitfalls to Avoid

by DanielSmith
Academic Writing

Academic writing is a challenging aspect for many learners. Specifically, they need to be made aware of the standards and expectations of their audience, institution and discipline by evading some mistakes or pitfalls. In that case, they may produce convincing, coherent and clear papers and improve their skills (Bem, 2021). Here are some guidelines to facilitate students avoid some frequent mistakes in academic writing. 

Academic writing helps as a connection between the wider scholarly community and research findings (Carvin, 2023). One of the foundations of useful academic writing is incorporating empirical Evidence. Empirical Evidence is the observations and data collected through systematic research approaches (Suomi et al., 2019). Integrating this Evidence into academic writing not only advances the credibility of your writing but also improves your arguments presentation and critical analysis. It is important to navigate this procedure carefully to ensure you effectively utilise empirical Evidence. In this Online Research Proposal Help UK, we will explain pitfalls and best practices to avoid when integrating empirical Evidence in academic work. 

Poor spelling and grammar:

In academic writing, the common pitfall is submitting work full of spelling and grammar errors. These errors may distract the student, weaken credibility, and influence your result. To avoid this, the student must always proofread their work carefully, utilise a grammar and spelling checker tool, and ask others to read their paper and provide feedback. It would help if you also considered the particular conventions and rules of academic writing, like avoiding colloquialisms, slang, and contractions using formal language and emphasising appropriate referencing and citation style. The guidelines and instructions are well addressed in Dissertation Writing Help UK related to proper formatting, styling, and other academic writing and dissertation organisation issues.

Lack of planning 

One of the most important errors observable in academic work is to commence writing without an appropriate structure, outline and clear plan. This may lead to irrelevant, unfocussed and disorganised writing that needs to address the purpose, thesis and question of work. To avoid this, the student must always observe the work guidelines research sources, brainstorm ideas and generate outlines before they start working. This will help the student organise their Evidence, arguments and thoughts and ensure they have clear goals and distinction for their paper.

Weak Evidence and arguments

Another common mistake in academic work is to present irrelevant, unsupported and weak Evidence. This makes the writing appear biased, illogical and unconvincing. To avoid this, the student must always ensure that their arguments are consistent, coherent and clear and that credible, relevant and reliable sources aid them. Students must also evade logical fallacies, like straw man arguments, ad hominem attacks, circular reasoning and hasty generalisations that may weaken students’ claims and emphasise their credibility. You must also address and acknowledge alternative perspectives and counterarguments and demonstrate how your arguments are more valid or strong. Therefore, Evidence in academic writing is crucial for attractive and appealing content.

Academic and plagiarism dishonesty

In academic writing, another pitfall is to commit academic or plagiarism dishonesty. This shows using someone else’s work, ideas and words without providing suitable credit and demonstrating them as their own. This may have thoughtful consequences, like failing the course assignment or being excluded from the institute. To avoid this, the student must always reference and cite their sources accurately, utilise quotation marks once quoting directly, summarise or paraphrase when utilising other’s ideas, and utilise their voice and words when writing. You must also evade using ghostwriters, online essay mills, or other unethical provisions that propose to write your work for you.

Insufficient feedback and revision

Another mistake in academic writing is submitting work that needs improvement or revision based on feedback (Carter, 2023). This may result in writing that needs to be more accurate, clear and complete. To avoid this, the student must revise their work multiple times, emphasising diverse aspects, like mechanics, style, organisation, and content (Huisman et al., 2019). Students must also seek responses and feedback from their tutors, peers and instructors and use it to improve their work. You must also facilitate enough time for feedback and revision and avoid last-minute writing and procrastination.


Misrepresentation appears when data is misinterpreted or manipulated to bring it into line with the desired conclusion. This unethical exercise may involve changing graphs, drawing erroneous assumptions, and misquoting sources from the data. To avoid this issue, thoroughly adhere to the rules of appropriate representations. Assure your data is demonstrated truthfully and interpretations are based on strong reasoning. 

Overloading with Data:

Though empirical Evidence is imperative, overloading your writing with excessive information may make it easier for students. This pitfall usually leads to clarity and engagement. To prevent this, prudently curate your Evidence, choosing only the most compelling and pertinent examples to facilitate your argument. In addition, use visual support, such as graphs, charts or tables, to present data more effectively and concisely.

Ignoring Counterarguments:

A strong academic work addresses and acknowledges contradictory and counterarguments Evidence. Failing to perform so shows a lack of intellectual objectivity and rigour. By addressing counterarguments, students not only improve their position but also involve a well-rounded and nuanced discussion of the subject. For further information, students can take assistance from the types of Evidence in argumentative writing to learn more about evaluating and identifying counterarguments.

Lack of Context: Empirical evidence should be demonstrated in a significant context. This incorporates discussing the importance of the Evidence, specifying how it was gathered, and making its significance to the research objectives. Without context, students may try to comprehend the importance of the Evidence or its implications for the wider discussion.

Inadequate Citations: Appropriate citation is fundamental in academic writing to provide credit to the original scholar and to facilitate students to verify the Evidence. Please reference sources correctly to avoid claims of plagiarism, a thoughtful academic misconduct. To avoid this issue, adhere to the citation style needed by your journal or institution and accurately document your sources.


Bem, D. J. (2021). Writing the empirical journal article. In The compleat academic (pp. 171-201). Psychology Press.

Huisman, B., Saab, N., van den Broek, P., & van Driel, J. (2019). The impact of formative peer feedback on higher education students’ academic writing: a Meta-Analysis. Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 44(6), 863-880.

Suomi, K., Kuoppakangas, P., Stenvall, J., Pekkola, E., & Kivistö, J. (2019). Revisiting “the shotgun wedding of industry and academia”—empirical Evidence from Finland. International Review on Public and Nonprofit Marketing, 16(1), 81-102.

Carvin. J. (2023). Why Every Student Needs a GPA Calculator in Their Academic Journey? Available at: https://www.ukassignmenthelp.uk/why-every-student-needs-gpa-calculator-academic-journey

Carter. S. (2023). Aims and Objectives – A Guide for Academic Writing. Available at:https://www.dissertationproposal.co.uk/guide/research-aims-and-objectives/

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